This information is furnished as a Procedural Guide and is intended to cover all code requirements for installation of swimming pools and/or spas.
A. Apply for Swimming Pool and/or Spa Permit by filing FOUR sets of Engineering pool plans and plot plans and paying a plan check fee. Requirements:
B. A pre-pool and/or spa inspection will be made to determine:
C. A plan check will be made to review engineered design and conditions pertinent to pool location as revealed by pre-pool inspection (deck, deck details and pool and/or spa depth required on plot plan). Wet signature of engineer is required on all pneumatically placed concrete pools, and some other types of pools.to review engineered design and conditions pertinent to pool location as revealed by pre-pool inspection (deck, deck details and pool and/or spa depth required on plot plan). Wet signature of engineer is required on all pneumatically placed concrete pools, and some other types of pools.
D. Provide a $500.00 cash bond and obtain Swimming Pool Permits prior to stating construction.
(These specifications are a part of the approved plans.)
Inspections shall be called for in the following order to ascertain that requirements below each category have been met. Inspections are to be requested the day prior to the inspection by calling 738-6542.
NOTE: Gunite placement to be continuously inspected by an ICBO-certified concrete inspector or similar type inspector, with prior approval by the Building Official. Gunite report to be filed with City of Fullerton Building Department by said inspector, showing compliance with code, and compression strength of the test specimens.
NOTE: Wood or chain link fencing, under 6' high does not require a permit. Concrete or masonry fences will require a separate permit. Walking decks, cabanas, patio covers, etc., may or may not require separate permits depending on the nature of the structures involved.
All new or replacement fossil fueled swimming pool heater systems to residential buildings shall be equipped with the following features.
REQUIREMENT 1. ON-OFF SWITCH
The heating system must have an ON-OFF switch mounted on the outside of the heater for easy access to allow shutting off the heater without adjusting the thermostat setting, and allow restarting without relighting pilot light.
REQUIREMENT 2. PERMANENT WEATHERPROOF PLATE OR CARD
The pool heating system must be equipped with a permanent, weatherproof plate or card that provides instructions for efficient operation of the pool and its heating system and instructions for proper care of the pool water when a swimming pool cover is used.
REQUIREMENT 3. PLUMBING
A length of plumbing, with a minimum length of 36" must be located between the filter and the fossil fuel heater to allow for the future addition of solar water heating equipment.
REQUIREMENT 4. SWIMMING POOL HEATER EFFICIENCY
Any new or replacement fossil swimming pool heater must have a thermal efficiency of at least 75 percent. The efficiency of the heater shall be identified on the heater and building plans.
REQUIREMENT 5. POOL COVERS
Outdoor pools equipped with a fossil fuel or electric heater must also be equipped with a pool cover.
REQUIREMENT 6. TIME CLOCKS
New and replacement pool circulation pumps must be installed with time clocks so the pump can be set to run in off-peak electric demand periods and be set for the minimum time necessary to maintain the water in clear and sanitary conditions according to applicable public health standards. Time clocks are not required where public health standards require 24-hour operation.
REQUIREMENT 7. DIRECTIONAL INLETS
All new pools must be equipped with directional inlets which adequately mix the pool water to prevent stratification of the heated supply water and the colder existing pool water.
SECTION 1404. Requirements.
(a) OUTDOOR SWIMMING POOL. An outdoor swimming pool, including an in-ground, aboveground, or on-ground pool, hot tub or spa shall be provided with a barrier which shall comply with the following:
The top of the barrier shall be at least 60 inches above grade measured on the side of the barrier which faces away from the swimming pool. The maximum vertical clearance between grade and the bottom of the barrier shall be 2 inches measured on the side of the barrier which faces away from the swimming pool. Where the top of the pool structure is above grade, such as the pool structure, or mounted on top of the pool structure. Where the barrier is mounted on top of the pool structure, the maximum vertical clearance between the top of the pool structure and the bottom of the barrier shall be 4 inches.
Openings in the barrier shall not allow passage of a 4-inch-diameter sphere.
Solid barriers which do not have openings, such as masonry or stone walls, shall not contain indentations or protrusions except for tooled masonry joints. Barriers consisting of a combination of masonry and wrought iron, or similar material shall comply with Item 2 and the railings shall be placed flush with outside face of the barrier so as to prevent a toe hold.
Where the barrier is composed of horizontal and vertical members and the distance between the tops of the horizontal members is less than 45 inches, the horizontal members shall be located on the swimming pool side of the fence. Spacing between vertical members shall not exceed 1-3/4 inches in width. Where there are decorative cutouts within vertical members, spacing within the cutouts shall not exceed 1-3/4 inches in width.
When the barrier is composed of horizontal and vertical members and the distance between tops of the horizontal members is 45 inches or more, spacing between vertical members shall not exceed 4 inches in width. When there are decorative cutouts within the vertical members, spacing within the cutouts shall not exceed 3/4 inches in width.
Maximum mesh size for chain link fences shall be a 1-1/4 inch square unless the fence is provided with slats fastened at the top or bottom which reduce the openings to no more that 1-34/ inches. The wire shall not be less than 9 guage. Post shall be spaced at not over eight feet on center. The bottom wire of the fence shall be staked to the ground, between support post.
Where the barrier is composed of diagonal members, such as a lattice fence, the maximum opening formed by the diagonal members shall be no more that 1-3/4 inches.
Access gates shall have a width no greater than four feet. Gates shall comply with 1 through 7 above. Gates shall be self-closing and self-latching. The latching device shall be capable of keeping the gate securely latched at all times when not in use. This section also applies to a garage man door when there is direct communication from the street to the pool enclosure area through the garage vehicle and man door. The latching device shall be installed a minimum of 4'6" above the exterior grade. If a lesser mounting height must be used then the latch shall be on the inside of the enclosure and the gates and barrier shall have no opening greater than 1/2" within 18" of the release mechanism.
Where an aboveground pool structure is used as a barrier or where the barrier is mounted on top of the pool structure, and the means of access is a ladder or steps, then (1) the ladder or steps shall be capable of being secured, locked or removed to prevent access or (2) the ladder or steps shall be surrounded by a barrier which meets the requirements of Items 1 though 9. When the ladder or steps are secured, locked or removed, any opening created shall not allow the passage of a 4-inch-diameter sphere.
The barrier shall be so arranged and constructed so that no impediment to a required exit is created.
All swimming pool and spa water shall be maintained in a condition which is free of significant algae, insects, debris and in a sanitary condition. The entire floor of the pool shall be clearly visible.
(b) INDOOR SWIMMING POOL. Doors with direct access to an indoor swimming pool shall comply with Section (a).